Section 8 of the manual describes commands which either can be or are used only by the superuser, like system-administration commands, daemons, and hardware-related commands. As with the commands described in Section 1, the commands described in this section terminate with an exit status that indicates whether the command succeeded or failed.

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.isdnctrl_conf
30-systemd-environment-d-generator
systemd-environment-d-generator, 30-systemd-environment-d-generator - Load variables specified by environment.d
4s-boss
An administration and store discovery daemon for 4store
Burrow
Apache Kafka consumer lag checking
Crack-Reporter
Crack, Reporter - programs to break password files
Crack
Crack, Reporter - programs to break password files
LCDd
LCDproc server daemon  
MAKEDEV
create devices
MAKEFLOPPIES
Creates the default floppy device nodes.  
ModemManager
mobile broadband modem management daemon  
MySecureShell
Command
NetworkManager
network management daemon
OrthancRecoverCompressedFile
Orthanc - Lightweight, RESTful DICOM server for healthcare and medical research
SNHELLO
HELLO - perform initial conversation with a newsserver (used by sn news system)
SNPOST
POST - Handle a part of posting messages (used by sn news system)
VpbConfigurator
Generate configuration files for libvpb
_build_libcommoncpp2-Boyzuv_libcommoncpp2-1.8.1_inc_.8.1_inc_
inc Directory Reference
_build_libcommoncpp2-Boyzuv_libcommoncpp2-1.8.1_inc_cc___.8.1_inc_cc___
cc++ Directory Reference
a-rex-backtrace-collect
processes core file(s) generated by arched and produces backtrace(s).  
a2disconf
a2enconf, a2disconf - enable or disable an apache2 configuration file
a2dismod
a2enmod, a2dismod - enable or disable an apache2 module
a2dissite
a2ensite, a2dissite - enable or disable an apache2 site / virtual host
a2enconf
a2enconf, a2disconf - enable or disable an apache2 configuration file
a2enmod
a2enmod, a2dismod - enable or disable an apache2 module
a2ensite
a2ensite, a2dissite - enable or disable an apache2 site / virtual host
aa-audit
set an AppArmor security profile to audit mode
aa-autodep
guess basic AppArmor profile requirements
aa-cleanprof
clean an existing AppArmor security profile
aa-complain
set an AppArmor security profile to complain mode
aa-decode
decode hex-encoded in AppArmor log files
aa-disable
disable an AppArmor security profile
aa-easyprof
AppArmor profile generation made easy
aa-enforce
set an AppArmor security profile to enforce mode from being disabled or complain mode
aa-genprof
profile generation utility for AppArmor
aa-logprof
utility for updating AppArmor security profiles
aa-mergeprof
merge AppArmor security profiles
aa-notify
display information about logged AppArmor messages
aa-remove-unknown
remove unknown AppArmor profiles
aa-status
display various information about the current AppArmor policy
aa-teardown
unload all AppArmor profiles
aa-unconfined
output a list of processes with tcp or udp ports that do not have AppArmor profiles loaded
aa-update-browser
update browser profiles with browser abstractions
accept
cupsaccept/cupsreject - accept/reject jobs sent to a destination
accessdb
dumps the content of a man-db database in a human readable format
acctdump
accounting data dump utility
accton
turns process accounting on or off
acmetool
request certificates from ACME servers automatically
acngfs
Virtual file system for use with apt-cacher-ng
acorn-fdisk
partition editor for Acorn/RISC OS machines
acpi_listen
ACPI event listener
acpid
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface event daemon
actsync
actsync, actsyncd - Synchronize newsgroups
actsyncd
actsync, actsyncd - Synchronize newsgroups
adcli
Tool for performing actions on an Active Directory domain
add-shell
add shells to the list of valid login shells
add_members
Add members to a Mailman mailing list from the command line.  
addgnupghome
Create .gnupg home directories
addgroup
adduser, addgroup - add a user or group to the system
addpart
tell the kernel about the existence of a partition
addrconsole
Setup a new remote console user
adduser
adduser, addgroup - add a user or group to the system
adjtimex
display or set the kernel time variables
adjtimexconfig
find kernel clock variables and save for reboots
aelparse
utility to check extensions.ael for errors
afpd
Apple Filing Protocol daemon
afs-newcell
Set up initial database server for AFS cell
afs-rootvol
Generate and populate root volumes for new AFS cells
afsd
afsd, afsd.fuse - Initializes the Cache Manager and starts related daemons
afsd.fuse
afsd, afsd.fuse - Initializes the Cache Manager and starts related daemons
agetty
alternative Linux getty  
ahcpd
ad-hoc configuration daemon
aide.wrapper
call aide binary for Debian mechanisms
aideinit
create a new AIDE database
airbase-ng
multi-purpose tool aimed at attacking clients as opposed to the Access Point (AP) itself
aireplay-ng
inject packets into a wireless network to generate traffic
airmon-ng
POSIX sh script designed to turn wireless cards into monitor mode
airodump-ng-oui-update
airodump-ng-oui-updater - IEEE oui list updater for airodump-ng  
airodump-ng
a wireless packet capture tool for aircrack-ng
airserv-ng
a wireless card server
airtun-ng
a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
airventriloquist-ng
encrypted WiFi packet injection
akeyconvert
Import keys from rxkad.keytab to an AFS KeyFileExt
al175
Driver for Eltek UPS models with AL175 alarm module
alfred-gpsd
Alfred GPS distribution server
alfred
Almighty Lightweight Fact Remote Exchange Daemon
alias_manager
alias_manager, alias_manager.pl - Manage Sympa aliases (Obsoleted)
aliaslookup
Look up mail aliases
alta-diag
EEPROM setup and diagnostic program for ethernet cards based on the chip Sundance ST201 "Alta"
amaddclient
program to add client to an existing Amanda configuration
amadmin
administrative interface to control Amanda backups
amaespipe
wrapper program for aespipe
amanda-rest-server
Start or stop the Amanda Rest Server
amanda
The Open Source Backup Platform
amarchiver
Create, extract or list amanda archive
amavisd-milter
sendmail milter for amavisd-new
amavisd-new-cronjob
Cronjobs for the Debian amavisd-new package
amavisd-new
Interface between MTA and virus scanner/content filters
ambackup
back up all disks in an Amanda configuration
ambsdtar
Amanda Application to interface with BSD Tar
amcheck
run Amanda self-checks